Nestled in the northern portion of Middle Tennessee, this rural county has a current population just over 7000 scattered over its beautiful hills and lush valleys. Farming, largely tobacco, was the economic base that formed this county, and it is still prevalent today. Many area families came to this fertile land from Virginia and North Carolina when their tobacco-growing families could not subdivide their lands any further. Tennessee was a new state looking for settlers, and this area of the Highland Rim was an ideal location to build a homestead.
The county seat is located in Hartsville, and other communities include Barthelia, Beech Grove, Cato, Gravel Hill, Halltown, Kings (Beasley's Bend), Providence, Puryears Bend, Shady Grove, Templow, Walnut Grove, and Willard.